Land & environment planning

Land & environment planning

In order to meet community expectations and to comply with the law, the quality of water run-off from many farms needs to be improved. This means managing stock so that soil erosion and the run-off of nutrients and sediment is minimised. In addition, waterways may need to be fenced and measures taken to eliminate run-off from critical source areas like wallows and feed pads.

A growing library of convenient DINZ Deer Fact sheets on environmental subjects is being published as part of the P2P programme. 

-  Protecting waterways from wallow and feed pad run-off
-  Fence pacing: costs and solutions

Print off your own copies here >>

Water quality
Water quality is the single most important environmental issue that farmers need to be aware of.  Soil and nutrients belong on the land, not in water. New Zealand needs fertile land, not fertile water.  For further information on the importance of water quality see the NIWA clean rivers report

Soil quality
Soil is the deer farmer's most precious natural resource. The quality and health of soil pre-determines the land’s basic potential to grow grass and thus its capability to maintain a high level of farm productivity.

Quality management of water and soil
Water and soil quality are closely linked and in order to confidently farm without compromising the quality of these basic farming resources, deer farmers need to have a quality farm environment management system. To help achieve this, the deer industry has adopted an environment management system in common with the New Zealand beef and lamb industry which is known as Land and Environment Planning ('LEP').  To understand about LEP in detail, see the toolkit developed by Beef + Lamb New Zealand.  

Regional Management of water quality
A stock take of all the regional councils' approaches to managing water quality and the significance for deer farming (in terms of nitrogen, phosphorous, bacteria and sediment) was completed in March 2015.  Please refer to the Science and Policy section under the DINZ Activity tab for links to the stock-take or further update

As soil resources are finite and only slowly renewable, their sustainable management is of prime importance.

Soil is the deer farmer's most precious resource and any movement of soil away from where it has naturally formed is erosion.

The buffer zone between land and water source.
Deer have a natural instinct to seek water and wet areas and wallow in them .

Water can be contaminated by a number of elements, chemicals and waste products from the farm as well as direct access by deer

Winter can be a critical time for erosion of soil on deer farms.