Grazing management by the farmer needs to incorporate many factors to achieve high performance targets for deer. This also includes balancing the best management for both the pasture and the animal. The key management principle to keep in mind for deer is pasture height as this offers the animal the opportunity to graze readily, but this must be balanced with maintaining quality.
Feed budgeting is a useful tool for ensuring that the feed supply on the farm will provide for the stocking rate and the performance targets. Adding supplement (silage or crops, grain or PKE) or using other livestock to balance the forage system can be critical.
An example of the theoretical liveweight gain profiles of young red deer stags on pastures of different quantity from the QGraze software.