Water requirements

Water requirements

Water consumption by deer can vary depending on species, body weight, age, sex, climatic conditions, type of diet and feed intake. They can have significantly increased water requirement at certain times ie:

  • adult stags during the rut and for the first day or 2 post velvetting
  • lactating hinds
  • weaned deer (for up to 10 day post weaning)
  • all deer during periods of hot, dry weather
  • all deer on dry feed such as hay and concentrates
  • Consider providing water in troughs where possible to maintain a consistent supply and to avoid damage to waterways.

Indicative water requirements of deer

Water requirement

Forage diet*

up to 30%DM

Concentrate 

(>80%DM)

Weaners (up to 85 kg LW)

0.5 – 1.5 L/day

1.5 – 2.5 L/day

Lactating hinds (100 – 120 kg LW)

5.5 – 7.0 L/day

8.0 – 10.0 L/day

Hinds (dry, 100 – 120 kg LW)

1.5 – 2.0 L/day

3.0 – 4.0 L/day

Stags (180 – 250 kg LW)

3.0 – 4.0 L/day

 

6.0   – 7.0 L/day

*Pasture, silage or brassica crop